Tabriz is the capital of East Azerbaijan and Julfa is the most beautiful border city of this province. The historical and natural features of these two important cities will surprise all tourists. A trip to this province will not be complete without visiting Jolfa. Jolfa city, 130 km from Tabriz, is one of the most beautiful border cities of Iran( Iran & Armenia ) with beautiful historical and natural features. Here you can visit the river border between Iran and Armenia, the most famous Christian Churches(Monastery of Saint Stepanos), Chopanan church, and some other historical monuments.
If you are going to get to know an important part of the history of Armenians living in Iran, a trip to Jolfa will be one of your most exciting tours. On this one-day tour, not only you will visit the most beautiful churches and historical monuments in Julfa, but also Marand's beautiful historical monuments will surprise you.
On the way, to Julfa the city of Marand with a bunch of beautiful historical monuments will call you.
Jame Mosque of Marand, with about 1000 years old is located in the center of Marand city and is the oldest dated structure in Northwest Iran. It had been a Zoroastrian Sassanid fire temple that changed to a Muslim mosque after the victory of the Muslims. This monument with oriental and spectacular architecture will surprise all visitors.
Shah Abbasi Caravanserai: One of the 999 caravanserais of Shah Abbasi during the Safavid period. These caravanserais were the most comfortable residences of Silk Road travelers in Iran.
Holy SURP Hovhannes Church: An Armenian Catholic church by the name of Johannes that Armenian call Hovhannes. This church belongs to the 5 and 6 century AD.
Mandagarna Fort: A historical castle dates back to 6000 years ago, i.e. the 4th millennium BC. In fact, one of the biggest signs of Marand city's antiquity is the existence of the remains of this ancient hill. Some believe it is one of the 22 Urartian forts that were destroyed in the attacks of the Assyrian king (Sargon II).
Your next destination to discover Iran's history layers is Julfa city close to Marand city (55km).
In this border city, some breathtaking natural phenomena such as the Aras border river, Eshtebin Step Village (Iran's western Masouleh), and Kental National Park(a protected area) will fascinate every viewer with their natural beauty.
Also, you can visit:
The Khaje Nazar's caravanserai: If you are going to visit Saint Stepanos Monastery on the road a different shape caravanserai from the Safavid dynasty with a wonderful Aras valley view close to a historical bridge can surprise you.
Saint Stepanos Monastery: The Saint Stepanos Monastery is one of the most famous 9th-century Armenian monasteries in Iran. It is located about 15 km northwest of the city of Julfa in the province of East Azarbaijan, on the Iranian side of the border between Iran and Nakhchivan. This is one of the Iranian - Christian churches which are inscribed on UNESCO's World Heritage List. Jolfa’s tourist stunning pearl is located over a wooded hill above the Aras River, 17km west of Jolfa. The different historical parts of it like the ancient stone arch and ‘mill’ cascade, objects of the museum, and exterior reliefs, are renovated and kept well
Choopanan Church: The Chapel of Chupan which literally translates to Shepard's Church is a small, historic Armenian church building in a mountain valley west of Jolfa near the Aras River. This small and local chapel was built in 1518AD and renovated in 1836AD had been a place for shepherds to pray.
Jolfa Bath and Museum: If you are going to get acquainted with the architecture of Iranian public baths(Charity buildings), this will be one of your best choices. Also, parts of this historical bath are dedicated to keeping old and valuable objects of the Jolfa region
On this one-day tour, you have visited the most beautiful and famous monuments in Jolfa and beyond.
If you are eager to discover more historical sites in Mako and visit the most famous Armenian Church Qare Kelisa or Balck Church and more you can stay at Jolfa and extend your tour to realize more history of Iran.
Now we drive back to Tabriz, to finish the tour.