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Esfahan Atiq Jam-e- Mosque

Esfahan Atiq (antique) Jam-e- Mosque The Encyclopedia on the most Comprehensive patterns of Islamic Architecture in Iran
On Allameh Majlesi street on the left, after climbing two flights of stairways (5+7 steps) as wide as the pathway, one can find a considerable elevation between the level of the asphalted road and the entrance (one of the eleven) to the mosque. This sudden transition in the two levels is as high as twelve steps. Keep this disparity in mind for future reference.

Vank (all saviors') Cathedral

Vank (all saviors') Cathedral The most Spectacular Church of Iran
This cathedral is called; Kelisa (Church) as a congregational church of Esfahan. It was built initially as a small Church called; Amena Pergaige in 1606 A.D., and then expanded to its present size later in 1655 A.D., with a gorgeous nave topped by a 38- meter lofty double-layer dome. The nave adorned all over by mural paintings, including three genres of Iranian miniature, Armenian, and Byzantine either individually or synthetically.

Hasht Behesth Palace

Hasht Behesht Palace, a Labyrinth at the Gate Of the Eighth Storey of Paradise
During the reign of the Safavid Kings, the name Hasht Behesht (Eight Heavens) was a general title used for some of the palaces, which were specifically built for having fun or pleasure. Besides Esfahan. in some other cities such as Tabriz and Qazvin, the same buildings existed, too. Another denomination of the palace in Esfahan was also Bolbol (nightingale) because of its location in the middle of a garden of the same name.

Hakim Jam-e-Mosque

Hakim Jam-e-Mosque', the Incentive of the most Sincere Mystical Feelings
In the beginning, it is preferred to introduce this mosque with two lines of Farsi poetry that exist on the tilework of its northern porch:
In the nice mosque of Hakim Davoud, On the porch over, that Muezzin stood,
Anybody says sincerely and truly prayer, Undoubtedly, is accepted no later.

Chehel Sotoon Palace

Chehel Sotoon Palace The Most Brilliant Chandelier at the Hall of the Safavid Architecture Era

In the center of Esfahan and on Ostandari Ave., one enters a heavenly garden with five hectares area through the eastern gate. In the middle of the garden Chehel Sotoon (Forty Column Palace) as one of the three important existing palaces of the Safavid era, like the two others, faces an easterly direction. The palace was built primarily during the reign of Shah Abbas I, with a 'U-shaped plan, comprised of the Throne Hall and flanking rooms in the north and the southern part of its eastern side.

Ali Qapu Palace

Ali Qapu Palace: The Beating Heart of Administration And the Highest Building in the Cardinal Point of the Capital
In "Naghsh-e-Jahan Square, all around the rectangular lofty wall, it is only Ali Qapu palace with an exceptional recess of 7 meters from its surrounding wall on the west, which dates back to 1597 A.D. According to some references it was built at the site of another Timurid palace (15th century) instead. Etymol. ogically, Ali Qapu is a compound word. Ali is an Arabic term which means high and Qapu is a Turkish term which means gate.

Sheikh Lotfollah Royal Mosque

Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque: The Pinnacle Jewel of Iranian Architectural Masterpieces
Across the primary area (recess) at the portal of Sheikh Lotfollah Mose with a dimension of 10 meters by 17meters, one can read the inscribed date 1602 A.D. on the top of the portal and above a latticed window, the Shi'a slogan inscribed on a couple of dark blue tiles can be seen:
The essence of greatness is to be at the service of Emam Ali's (a.s) descendants.

Abbasi Jam-e- Mosque

Abbasi Jame Mosque (Emam) A Vast Origin of the Islamic Architecture Clad by a Turquoise Glaze
On the southern side of 'Naghsh-e-Jahan" Square in Esfahan, the primary space of the portal comprises two complementary parts with an area of 580 square meters. One can stay for a while to look at the existing elements of transition, functioning as a mediator between the secular and the spiritual space of the square and the mosque.

Isfahan Great Bazaar and its labyrinth's historical sites

Isfahan Great Bazaar and its labyrinth's historical sites
The life of Eastern societies has been concentrated around the bazaar since ancient times. The name "bazaar” has its roots in the Old Persian language. This Persian word followed the trade routes and was borrowed by many European and Asian languages. In Iran, the earliest reference to the bazaar dates from the 8th millennium B.C. The legend of Jamshid that appears in the Avesta, the Zoroastrian sacred book, tells of the bazaar already in existence.

'Naghsh-e-Jahan' or Design of the World Square

'Naghsh-e-Jahan' or Design of the World Square, the Most Brilliant Jewel on the Ring of Architecture And Urban Design of the Safavid Epoch
When Esfahan was chosen as the capital in 1591 A.D. once more, it took about 6 years to relocate it from the previous capital of Qazvin. Meanwhile, a large number of architects and technical teams of tile workers, calligraphists, painters, etc, who headed by Ostad Ali Akbar Esfahani as the elite of his age and a world-wide prominent engineer, commissioned to revitalize and prepare the city as a new capital.

Chahar Bagh Theological School

Chahar Bagh Theological School, the Pinnacle of Elegance in Mosaic Work and Architecture
One of the most famous monuments of the Safavid era, which was constructed as the largest theological school of that age with 12,000 square meters of area, and 121 chambers as an endowment of Shah Sultan Hussein's mother, is situated on the eastern side of Chahar Bagh Boulevard. It was actually a part of a complex with a caravanserai (the present Abbasi Hotel) and Bazaar-e-Honar'.

Chahar Bagh Avenue
Once Esfahan was chosen as the capital, the king ordered maadies to be made in the area of Naqsh-e Jahan Square and the neighboring quarters. They played an important role in keeping the climate pleasant. Chahar Bagh Avenue located amongst the royal gardens with fountains and ponds has for centuries been a favorite visitors' excursion.

The Armenians of Julfa (Aras) The Instigators for the Freedom of the Northwestern Parts and Economical Blossoming of Iran
After the appointment of Esfahan as the capital by Shah Abbas I, in 1591 A.D., until the capital was relocated from Qazvin to Esfahan, he was always in war with the Uzbeks and Portuguese, on the north and south respectively, and the superpower of the age, the Ottoman Empire on the west. They had occupied some parts of Iran during the reign of Shah Abbas's father, and he was the heir to those struggles.

Zayandeh Rood or Life-Giving River and its Historical Bridges.
The Zenith of the Connection between Art and Nature
This river originates from Zard kooh Bakhtiari; part of the Zagros Mountain Range which passes through Esfahan irrigates the orchards and farmlands with 430 kilometers length on wavy line and 360 kilometers straight length between the origin and end. Since the time of Shah Abbas I. an attempt made to conduct the runoff water in the region towards the Zayandeh Rood.

Minaret, an Earthly Element Facing the Sky
Minarets are actually a kind of different element, in comparison to the other architectural products in Iranian civilization from the viewpoint of design, construction, durability, stability and function. This is why, in this passage, we will have a quick review of them.
Minarets were used as observation posts or watch towers and guided desert caravans towards the cities both in pre-Islamic as well as the post-Islamic periods. Nowadays they stand high and proud in the cities and their outskirts.