Iran History Briefly
During the early history, the land of Iran was known as the Persian Empire. The first great Empire in Iran was the Achaemenid dynasty, which ruled from 550 to 330 BC. It was founded by the Great Cyrus. This period was followed after the conquest of Alexander, and the Hellenistic period. After the Alexander, the Parthian dynasty ruled for nearly 500 years and followed by the Sassanian dynasty until 661 CE
How the country became known as 'Iran?
The word Iran was known as "Arya' in ancient Tram and Perdin'in Old Persian language and is! derived from ancient Arya
Iran a bridge between East and West
In ancient times the Silk Road started from Tian Huang town in China. Then it continued to Gansu Province at the north, entered the present Eastern Turkistan, crossed central Afghanistan and continued to Samarqand and Bukhara. From Bukhara, the highway continued to Marv, Sarakhs, Nishapur, and Gorgan and reached Rey. From Rey, the road continued to Qazvin, Zanjan, Tabriz, and Yerevan and from Yerevan, it continued to Trabzon port at the Black Sea.
The People and Land of Iran
Present-day Iran is part of a much larger geographical unit called the Iranian plateau. This natural unit, although climatically and biologically diverse, has a number of common characteristics that have led to, and perpetuated, a kind of "cultural unity". Iran presently is heir to a reality that is known as the "Iranian world". Human civilization has immensely benefited from the ingenuity and creativity of the people who lived in this land. Interacting with nature, they managed to gradually build and develop their civilization and culture and, by doing so, enduringly influence the history and human development which is apparently evident.