A SUMMARY OF WHAT SOME EUROPEANS HAVE SIAD ABOUT SHIRAZ.
Sir Thomas Herbert:
Herbert’s description of Shiraz in the year 1630 is unquestionably one of the finest descriptions that foreign travelers have given of this city. The famous Shirazi poet, Hafez, expressed his view of Shiraz in the well-known lines,
خوشا شیراز و وضع بی¬مثالش خداوندا نگه¬دار از زوالش
“Blest be Shiraz and its unrivaled state!
God guard it against decline and evil fate!”
Shiraz during the Zand and Qajar
periods In 1765, Shiraz became the capital of Tran. Foremost among the reasons for this choice were the favorable climate of the city, the abundance of its water resources, its strategic position on the road leading to the Persian Gulf, and its naturally protected and fortified location. Both the length and relative stability of Karim Khan's reign encouraged the construction of noteworthy buildings, particularly in the city's royal quarters.
Shiraz under the Safavid, Afghan,and Afsharid Rulers
The fortunes of Shiraz revived somewhat during the Safavid period, first under the governorship of Sultan Khalil Zulqadr (ruled during 1505-1520); and particularly when Shah Abbas's Commander-in-Chief, Allahverdi Khan, and after him his son Imam Qoli Khan, were appointed Governors-general of Fars. Together, they held this post for thirty-nine years, until 1634.
Shiraz under the Injuid and Mozaffarid Governors
Under Oljeitu, arguably the most famous Ilkhanid ruler, the affairs of Fars were passed on to Sharaf al-Dowleh Mahmud Shah, said to be a descendant of Ansari, the celebrated mystic of Herat. Sharaf alDowleh continued his duties under Abu Said, Oljeitu's successor, and by 1325 he had managed to establish himself as virtually autonomous ruler of the province.
Shiraz during the Seljuk and Atabakan (Salghurid) Period
As the star of the Buyids waned, the prosperity of Shiraz also declined. The center of effective power shifted to Baghdad, and for the next eighty years, Fars was ruled first by the Shabankareh rulers and then by Seljuk appointees, called Atabakan. In 1149, Sonqor ibn Mowdud, the Atabak ruler of Fars, gained independence from the Seljuk kings and inaugurated a new, glorious period in the history of Shiraz.
Shiraz during the Buyid Period
The prosperity of Shiraz increased when the Buyid rulers chose it to be one of their principal seats of power. The city was made the capital of Ali Emad al-Dowleh, the eldest of three brothers who founded the Buyid Empire. He spent much time in the city, died here, and was reportedly buried in the vicinity of the Mausoleum of Ali ibn Hamzeh.
Shiraz History Briefly
Early History of Shiraz Shiraz is believed to have been founded around 694 (74 A.H.) by Mohammad ibn Yusuf Saqqafi, the Persian general in the service of the Umayyad caliph, and brother to Hajjaj ibn Yusuf, the viceroy of Baghdad. Local tradition has it that in a dream Mohammad saw a group of angels who descended to earth and prayed, kissing the land on which they stood.