Persian Garden is one of the oldest and most important gardens in the world. Iranian gardens mentioned in different historical sources like Greek sources, Torah and others. Agricultural and horticultural is recommended in the old tradition and rituals of Iranian with pride and dignity. After Islam, this social thought became more religious, and promoted it among the people. Persian Gardens' architecture has a very close relation with Iranian homes' architecture.
|Eram Garden, Shiraz, Fars Province|
The gardens have different purpose:
place for protected relaxation in a variety of manners.
leisurely( meeting and banquet or ceremonies with friends).
Persian gardens have a 4000 years previous record
This royal garden, was about 8 hectares, and now only some part of the aqueduct and watermarks are visible.
|Dowlat abad Garden, Yazd|
Persian garden has different concepts in Iranian culture
- Persian garden an allegory of paradise.
- The presence and role of garden in desert areas.
- Centrality and unity in the garden.
- The role of water in the garden.
- Garden plants and their regularities.
Persian garden an allegory of paradise.
All divine religions belive the human is exiled from paradise.And all promise to return there again. Belief in paradise exists in all religions.The egyptians, Chinese, and Japanese beliefs that the soul of human return to Paradise with a new form. In Islamic thought, one can enter paradise after death.For this reason, in various parts of the Quran, Muslims are promised to paradise. Thus, Iranians have imagined the paradise in different parts of their lives. The tile work of mosques, Miniatures paintings, the carpets designs and most famous of them at their gardens.
The presence and role of garden in desert areas
Plants and trees have been respected for the Iranian from past.Also, water is one of the most important factors in the formation of Iranian gardens. The combination these two important elements in each part of this land, has created a beautiful paradise for the people of that area.
Centrality and unity in the garden.
In Iranian gardens, water streams are usually laid in the middle of the garden and various types of trees planted around them. This kind of design of present centrality and unity in Iranian garden.
The role of water in the garden
Water is one of the most important elements in desert life
|Ferdows Garden, Tehran|
Garden plants and their regularities
Geometric shapes have special credit in the architecture of Iranian gardens. The square shape was very important because it show the distances between the garden components simply. All the spaces are independent and distinctive in Iranian garden architecture and are in use. They used tall trees to create shadows. There were various flowers in the space between the trees. These flowers use for the preparation of various materials such as perfume, food, or other things.
The common features of Iranian gardens
- The garden is often divided into four parts
- There is a big building in the center or the tallest part of the garden
- A close interface with nature
- Planting fruit trees in large part of the garden