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Persian Garden
Persian Garden is one of the oldest and most important gardens in the world. Iranian gardens  mentioned in different historical sources like Greek sources, Torah and others. Agricultural and horticultural is recommended in the old tradition and rituals of Iranian with pride and dignity. After Islam, this social thought became more religious, and promoted it among the people. Persian Gardens' architecture has a very close relation with Iranian homes' architecture.

Iranian gardens  mentioned in different historical sources like Greek sources
Eram Garden, Shiraz, Fars Province

From Achaemenid dynasty the idea of an earthly paradise spread to other lands by Iranian literature. The Avestan word pairidaeza-, Old Persian *paridaida-' Median *paridaiza- , was borrowed in to Akkadian, and then into Greek Ancient,  then rendered into the Latin paradisus, and from there entered into European languages,  French paradis, German Paradies, and English paradise.

The gardens have different purpose:
place for protected relaxation in a variety of manners.
leisurely( meeting and banquet or ceremonies with friends).

Persian gardens have a 4000 years previous record.The discovered Ceramic in different regions of Iran confirm the Iranian garden designs. The outline of Pasargadae, built around 500 BC, is viewable today.In the area of the Pasargad, there was a famous garden that some of its parts,  like aqueduct is remained yet.
This royal garden, was about 8 hectares, and now only some part of the aqueduct and watermarks are visible.

Persian Garden is one of the oldest and most important gardens in the world
Dowlat abad Garden, Yazd

 Persian garden has different concepts in Iranian culture
- Persian garden an allegory of paradise.
- The presence and role of garden in desert areas.
- Centrality and unity in the garden.
- The role of water in the garden.
- Garden plants and their regularities.

  Persian garden an allegory of paradise.
All divine religions belive the human is exiled from paradise.And all promise to return there again. Belief in paradise exists in all religions.The  egyptians, Chinese, and Japanese beliefs that the soul of human return to Paradise with a new form. In Islamic thought, one can enter paradise after death.For this reason, in various parts of the Quran, Muslims are promised to paradise. Thus, Iranians have imagined the paradise in different parts of their lives. The tile work of mosques, Miniatures paintings, the carpets designs and most famous of them at their gardens.

Persian garden an allegory of paradise
Shahzade Garden, Mahan, Kerman Province

 The presence and role of garden in desert areas
Plants and trees have been respected for the Iranian from past.Also, water is one of the most important factors in the formation of Iranian gardens. The combination these two important elements in each part of this land, has created a beautiful paradise for the people of that area.

 Centrality and unity in the garden.
In Iranian gardens, water streams are usually laid in the middle of the garden and various types of trees planted around them. This kind of design of present centrality and unity in Iranian garden.

 The role of water in the garden
Water is one of the most important elements in desert life.The water among the Iranians is not only a material cause, but it has also a religious value with a special angel for it. In this way, In all gardens, water flows in four different streams This design is a symbol of the four elements (wind, water, Fire, Soil).

All divine religions belive the human is exiled from paradise
Ferdows Garden, Tehran

 Garden plants and their regularities
Geometric shapes have special credit in the architecture of Iranian gardens. The square shape was very important  because it show the distances between the garden components simply. All the spaces are independent and distinctive  in Iranian garden architecture  and are in use. They used tall trees to create shadows. There were various flowers in the space between the trees. These flowers use for the preparation of various materials such as perfume, food, or other things.

The common features of Iranian gardens
- The garden is often divided into four parts
- Useing straight lines in the design
- There is a big building in the center or the tallest part of the garden
- Useing a main stream in the middle of garden
- A close interface with nature
- Planting fruit trees in large part of the garden

The 9 Iranian Gardens in Iran, and two gardens in India and a garden in Pakistan
Shahzade Garden, Mahan, Kerman Province


World Heritage
The 9 Iranian Gardens in Iran, and two gardens in India and a garden in Pakistan, were registered as UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 2011. Persian garden is not limited to the geographical boundaries of Iran.There are other examples of  it in other countries, especially India and Pakistan. The Iranian gardens in other countries reflect the impact of Iranian culture among other ethnics and groups.