Persian Garden is one of the oldest and most important gardens in the world. Iranian gardens are mentioned in different historical sources like Greek sources, Torah, and others. Agricultural and horticultural is recommended in the old tradition and rituals of Iranians with pride and dignity. After Islam, this social thought became more religious and promoted it among the people. Persian Gardens' architecture has a very close relation with Iranian homes' architecture.
|Eram Garden, Shiraz, Fars Province|
From the Achaemenid
The gardens have a different purpose:
A place for protected relaxation in a variety of manners.
Leisurely( meeting and banquet or ceremonies with friends).
Persian gardens have a 4000 years previous record
|Dowlat abad Garden, Yazd|
- Persian garden is an allegory of paradise.
- The presence and role of the garden in desert areas.
- Centrality and unity in the garden.
- The role of water in the garden.
- Garden plants and their regularities.
All divine religions believe human is exiled from paradise. And all promise to return there again. Belief in paradise exists in all religions. The Egyptians, Chinese, and Japanese believe that the soul of a human returns to Paradise with a new form. In Islamic thought, one can enter paradise after death. For this reason, in various parts of the Quran, Muslims are promised paradise. Thus, Iranians have imagined paradise in different parts of their lives. The tile work of mosques, Miniatures paintings, the designs of the carpet, and most famous of them at their gardens.
The presence and role of the garden in desert areas
Plants and trees have been respected by Iranians from the past. Also, water is one of the most important factors in the formation of Iranian gardens. The combination of these two important elements in each part of this land has created a beautiful paradise for the people of that area.
In Iranian gardens, water streams are usually laid in the middle of the garden, and various types of trees are planted around them. This kind of design presents centrality and unity in the Iranian garden.
Water is one of the most important elements of desert life
|Ferdows Garden, Tehran|
Geometric shapes have special credit in the architecture of Iranian gardens. The square shape was very important because it shows the distances between the garden components simply. All the spaces are independent and distinctive in Iranian garden architecture and are in use. They used tall trees to create shadows. There were various flowers in the space between the trees. These flowers use for the preparation of various materials such as perfume, food, or other things.
The common features of Iranian gardens
- The garden is usually divided into four parts
- There is a big building in the center or the tallest part of the garden
- A close interface with nature
- Planting fruit trees in a large part of the garden
World Heritage Sites
Pasargad Garden at Pasargadae, Iran (WHS 1372-001)
Eram Garden, Shiraz, Iran (WHS 1372-002)
Chehel Sotoun, Isfahan, Iran (WHS 1372-003)
Fin Garden, Kashan, Iran (WHS 1372-004)
Abbasabad Garden, Abbasabad, Mazandaran, Iran (WHS 1372-005)
Shazdeh Garden, Mahan, Kerman Province, Iran (WHS 1372-006)
Dolatabad Garden, Yazd, Iran (WHS 1372-007)
Pahlevanpour Garden, Iran (WHS 1372-008)
Akbarieh Garden, South Khorasan Province, Iran (WHS 1372-009)