Feen (Fin)Garden Kashan
Kashan is located at the edge of the desert at 220 km distance of south of Tehran and 86 Km of the south of Qom. Fin is one of the promenade areas around Kashan. We can assume the proportion of Feen to Kashan as Tajrish to Tehran. The area where Fin garden is located known as "Feen Kochack (small Feen)" that is located at the southwest wing of Kashan. The historical garden of Feen is located at the end of the southeast of Feen road (Amir Kabir St.) in Kashan and in the vicinity of Soleyman historical spring. In the past, there was a set of gardens and Fin garden was the main and indeed the pearl of that set.
Feen is among the small towns located at the central part of Kashan and consists of two separate sections as "Big Feen" and "Small Feen". Some called it Feenean. Existing great number of trees and very desirable climate changed Fin to one of the promenade areas around Kashan. Water required for this city is supplied from famous springs of Soleymanieh and Sefidab. Donald Wilber said in his book entitled "Iranian gardens and palaces thereof" when a person travels to Kashan, the historical city, can see Fin garden with its beautiful cypresses and by visiting this area he/she can claim to visit the main part of this city.
Feen garden is a set consisting of different historical periods. The appearance was imputed to the period before Islam of the one part and Al e- Aboyeh period of the other part. Development of this garden indebted to Ilkhanian period even though such statements were not clear and precise but form the beginning of Safavid as the political stability was increased the history of Feen garden found more versatility. This period commenced from the beginning of 10th A.H century (909 A.H) and coincided with the monarchy of Esmail Safavi king. Based construction of Feen garden returns to the period before Islam and jointed to Sialk Civilization. This civilization inseparably
to Joshghani spring that was in the upper part of the garden and known as Soleymanieh Spring. This spring effected Feen long time ago. Soleymanieh spring, having very limpid water, is one of attracting places of this garden. But due to exiting some salty materials the water of this spring is not drinkable. There was a garden the lower part of this spring from a long time ago. It was in a little lower distance from the present garden and completely destroyed by the earthquake of 982 A.H. After 1000 A.H. a garden at present location that is indeed part of old garden was contracted by the order of king "Abbas Safavi". Development of this garden faced with rescission from 1135 A.H. after the invasion of Afghan, but it started recovery period again by the order of Karim Khan Zand especially with the building constructed at the south wing of the garden called "Khalvat Karim Khani". Fin garden generally destroyed in the famous earthquake occurred in 1192 A.H. Then afterward from 1200 A.H. when Qajar dynasty gained the power the side garden was renovated by the order of king "Fathali". "Shotor Geloy Fathali Shahi" building was constructed at the southwest wing of the garden and big kingdom bath in the vicinity of the basic bath. This building destroyed by
Façade, wall, and towers Fin garden is located in an area with 25000 Sqm. In the entrance, we face a tall entrance building façade. This part was contracted in the Safavid period and consists of two floors.
The lower floor consists of vestibule and entrance halls to gardens with the side rooms and the upper floor consists of a wide and beautiful saloon with excellent view to around and the garden and contains checkered and beautiful doors. Around the garden as in two sides of the facade, a wall with 6m and 5m heights and 7 towers can be seen.
Shotor Geloy Abbasi By enter to the garden and passing beautiful street containing a beautiful water channel in the middle with azure fountains always spouting water and very beautiful tall cypress trees
Sar Geloy Fathali Shahi Sar Geloy Fathali Shahi was constructed in the south of garden by the order of King "Fathali". This building consists of Shotor Geloy, side platform and two back yards in the west and east sides. The floor of the platform paved with marble and the ceiling was painted very interestingly. Parts of it can be seen presently. A beautiful Nastaligh (=Persian style of writing used in lithography and cursive writing) Epigraph placed around the platform which is in the vicinity of the pool, wrote by Mohammad Taghi Hosseini Kashani" the famous calligrapher at the beginning of Qajar period.
Karim Khan interior and the king's room
This building is a residential set located at the south wing of the garden in the west side of Shotor Geloy Fathali Shahi. This building was constructed in 1176 A.H. by the order of Karim Khan Zand and upon the effort of Salim Arani the governor of Kashan at that time. It contained several inner rooms, yard, and a small garden. It was said the Amir Kabir lived there for 40 days. In front of the king's room a beautiful pool.
Bathes (Big and small
There are two bathes known as big and small
Each of these bathes consists of entrance, hot-house,
Soleymanieh Spring This spring imputed to Soleyman prophet located at the west wing of the back of Fin garden. Development of Fin garden indebted to this spring.
The unique art of water current in the spring should not be ignored. For this purpose level difference and land ingredient of the garden is, with a special delicacy, used for water spouting in Shotor Gelogah. By making some stairs in the pathway of water fasten the speed of the current with load noise. A building is constructed on the manifestation of spring. The construction of eastern part of the said building was constructed in the period of King "Soleyman Safavi" and the western part, inspiring from the architectural techniques of Sassanide period, was made in 1950 by the merchants of Kashan.
Finally Moreover, we should know that the formation of the garden of the king in the new location was due to the order of king "Safavid", but because of regional geographic location and considering the fact that (as Yaghot refers) the inhabitants of Kashan pass some days of the weeks at the gardens of Fin, and the summers of Kashan and Feen increases the necessity of promenades, this area is formed near the manifestation of Soleyman spring and at the upstream of farms and rural houses where the set of Fin gardens were expanded therein. This garden is constructed on the bed of old gardens so that not only to be placed at the best location of the set but also have a look at the tall old cypress trees.
Despite the long distance of surrounding gardens to the garden of the king if still, we look around the garden from towers near to the garden or from tall roofs of Safavid mansions we can see single tall cypress
But undoubtedly choosing such surrounded pattern with tall walls is designed for the use of the kinds so they feel secure under the patronage of the towers and show the grandeur of the kind due to the volume, design, and height of the garden that is remarkable from inside to outside.
Geometrical structure and spatial shape of the garden comparing with the structure of the garden shall remind the middle mansion, named "Shotor Geloy Safavid", as an important point. Here, like other Iranian gardens, axles are part of geometrical structures of the garden. In addition to the fact that geometrical shape and simple appearance of the garden is made at the back of the design, they create some points in the general design of the garden under geometrical structure and system in order to show area expansion and the appearance of architectural system of the garden based on the said geometrical system.