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Zand Dynasty (1760-1794)
As we have already mentioned after the death of Nader, his generals began to fight and plunged the country into chaos. Finally, Karim Khan Zand, a Lor boss, defeated his rivals and, after 16 years of chaos, brought peace to the country. Karim Khan, who never qualified as king, chose his capital in Shiraz.He managed to capture Basra from the Ottoman Empire in the lunar year 1189 (17th century) and helped the Iranian statesmen to control the Arvandrud River, Bahrain and the southern ports of the Persian Gulf. After his death, his successors fought for the throne. They weakened each other by their imprudent battles and opened the way for Aqa Mohammad Khan, chief of Qajar tribe, to dissolve the Zand dynasty.