A small desert town in the center of Iran and in the vicinity of the most beautiful deserts of Iran. An enchanting desert city that fascinates visitors with its simplicity and beauty. The people of this city can take the lush spring wind and tall green trees from the heart of the dry and barren desert. The people who have used such engineering and intelligent solutions to coexist with the harsh nature of the desert have not only conquered the desert but also the world proud of Iran and for this reason, Yazd is recorded as the only city of Iran at UNESCO.
By inventing windcatchers, they have captured the desert winds and have passed out through cool basements with Qanat's water, and created a pleasant environment in the burning heat of the central desert of Iran. The people of Yazd are hard-working and unassuming artists who throughout history have left such a reputation not only for their clever inventions but also for the art of their hand-made and the production of the most beautiful and delicate artifacts, they are mentioned in prestigious travelogues such as Marco Polo the Venetian merchant.
The people of this beautiful desert city have always lived together with other religions in peace and friendship. The most important evidence of this historical event is the presence of Jewish synagogues and Zoroastrian fire temples next to the most prestigious Muslims mosques and shrines.
Yazd is quite different from other places you had visited so far. A quiet desert city with kind, hospitable and peaceful people away from the Urban noise that you will fall in love with. In a city with low traffic, the streets are less crowded and even in the bazaar, it is relatively quiet. Everything in this city is moving slowly as if time is not important.
You can wander yourself around the winding lanes of the old town and neighbors and sink yourself in the deep history of Yazd and discover something new each time. A hidden mosque, a shrine, a wind tower, an ancient water storage dome, or a traditional zurkhaneh. Yazd is the same place that comes true, your dreams.
In this article, we will mention the charms of this magical city that will enchant you.
Yazd a city with a deep history. Despite its harsh location in the hot and dry desert, Yazd claims to be one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. Regardless of this claim - this city according to various travelogues - locating on the Silk Road and the presence of the Zoroastrians and Jews in this area is one of the oldest cities in Iran. Marco Polo himself described Yazd as a good and noble city. It was here that cultural and political ideas were exchanged.
Today, it is not the merchants, traders, and caravans who write about this city, but also the tourists who visit and write about its living and dynamic culture. Yet, Yazd has kept its own traditions as well and it's one of the few places in Iran that still has an active and sizeable Zoroastrian community. Yazd is a city that keeps its deep magic history alive and blends it with modern Iranian culture. The result is that there are plenty of things to do in Yazd. It will be tempting to spend most of your time in the city, but Yazd is also the perfect gateway to explore Iran's stunning desert and nearby Zoroastrian villages.
Although Yazd, like Kashan and Kerman, is located on the edge of the desert, this city is a perfect example of desert cities and the bride of the desert. Sandstorms, extreme heat, harsh living environment, low rainfall, and barren land all together have created the most difficult living conditions for Yazd's Patience and hardworking people. The people of this part of Iran have adapted well to the hard natural environment. Desert conditions and hot weather have forced them to pass water through underground tunnels or Qanats. Also, the wind towers or windcatchers provide a cool and suitable environment for the residents bypassing the wind throughout the internal canals.
Reservoirs or Ab Anbar were other scientific-traditional achievements of the people who invented to preserve the valuable water in the heart of the desert. Also, their water was always cool and pleasant by windcatchers. Unfortunately, many water storages and wind towers are left abandoned and the question is for how long they will survive before crumbling down. For now, finding them in the small neighborhoods of the city is one of the fun things to do in Yazd.
Delve into Persian history and architecture by walking the oldest alleys in this city and discover the deep history of many old houses with their mud-brick roofs and wind towers(windcatchers) that are full of magic and charm. This part of the city holds a series of old neighborhoods like the Fahadan area with narrow alleys and impressive monuments like baths, a holy shrine, and mosques.
A dreamy and memorable sunset would be very beautiful and breathtaking on the mud-brick and dome roofs and among the windbreaks. As you walk between the mysterious mud-brick houses and their magic domes, you feel like you are lost in a maze that belongs to decades and centuries that you don't know much about; that's called the breath of the spirit.
Yazd houses have the highest level of adaptation to the desert climate. The buildings are designed to stand in front of the desert environment and protect residents from the dangers of the desert. The buildings in Yazd have the most introversion and their spatial organization is such that it considers space for each member of the house and the main element of dividing these spaces is the courtyard. Numerous rooms are spread around a green courtyard with tall trees and a pool of water, which are not only decorated with the best architectural elements, but each of them has a specific application at certain times. For example, special guest rooms with the best decorations - ordinary rooms for home use, winter rooms, summer rooms, and ...
Yazd is one of the most prominent examples of Iranian cities that has kept its traditions and values during the modernism and capitalism age, and for this reason, has been registered as the only Iranian city in UNESCO and has turned into one of the most precious travel destinations in Iran. This historical city is an anthropological museum made of mud-brick houses, narrow alleys, clay domes decorated with delicate tiles, windcatchers, Ab Anbars, and Qanats where there’s a lot to discover in this old city.
Except visiting these historical monuments and discovering the history of this city, feel yourself like Marcopolo the Venetian merchant at the clay alleys, and enjoy the deep history of Yazd. There’s a lot to discover in Yazd; from small landmarks like Clock Tower to great Historical complexes like Amir Chakhmaq, or the amazing deserts and the abandoned village of Kharanagh. Another enchanting pursuit that Yazd offers is visiting Zoorkhaneh(Persian Gymnastic) and the opportunity of getting to know about the traditional athletic spirit of Iranians through time.
One of the most beautiful and attractive natural features of Yazd is the deserts around this city. Although, these deserts have imposed difficult living conditions on their inhabitants over the years. But today, these deserts have become one of the most beautiful tourist areas of the city, which attracts many tourists every year. If you are interested in walking among the tiny and coarse sands of the desert and you enjoy shaking them under your bare feet, the deserts of Yazd are calling you.
Taking a stroll in these vast spaces, watching the wonders of the moving sands, the burning and dry salt marshes, historical monuments, brick-colored buildings of simple and harsh styles, shadows of scattered villages, as well as the old ancient inns and caravansaries are charming and worth visiting for every tourist. Within a 30-minute (15 km) drive from Yazd city center, this rippling sand dune belt is a popular spot to watch the sunset in the desert landscape. As the colors of the pink-hued mountains intensify with the last of the sun's rays, the shadows of the dunes become a sharp relief, making it the perfect photo opportunity.
Certainly, the most famous monuments and important holy Zoroastrian places are in Yazd province and more near Ardakan, Aghdâ, Mehriz, and Yazd city. These holy places are visited every year by hundreds of Zoroastrians not only from different parts of Iran but also from different parts of the world. Yazd's Zoroastrian pilgrimages are conventionally believed to have originated since the end of the Sassanid dynasty as the place of martyrdom for the daughters of Yazdgerd. There is also another notion, which considers these places as Anahita worships in origin.
Taking into account the geographical, geological, and historical conditions of the Yazd-Ardakan area, the holy sites can function as temporary refuges for Zoroastrian caravans traveling to India. They deserved to be sacred places, whether or not their holiness belongs to Anahita or to the daughters of King Yazdgerd. They deserved to be places of pilgrimage because they carry a long history of faith, endurance, love, hope, and survival.
Architecture and climate are linked and interacted with each other. These effects on the life and architecture of Yazd's people are clearly visible. Residents of the desert region of Iran have used clever techniques and plans to deal with dryness - extreme heat - and other harsh climatic conditions that have made them durable in the face of this harsh desert.
Invent windcatchers to use the slightest movement of air and transfer it into their homes. Digging underground water canals or Qanats that transport fresh and refreshing water from miles away into homes and gardens. Water Reservoirs or Ab Anbar, which is the most important place for storing water in cities and villages. Also, the complicated architecture of Yazdi houses with different Iranian elements brings security - welfare - comfort, and respect for the residents. All these elements and architectural techniques have made Yazd world-famous and the inhabitants of the desert region of Iran proud.
Yazd; The city of mud-brick, hot land, and dry desert. A desert city that has hidden the water from the direct radiation and scorching sun of the desert in the heart of its Qanats. But the roots of the trees, like the hardworking people of this region, have drawn water from the heart of the earth and, with pride, have built the spectacular gardens of Yazd to build a cool shade in the heart of the desert.
Gardens are among the sights, recreation, and natural attractions of Yazd and as the best tourist place in Yazd. Some of the most important Gardens in Yazd are:
-Dolatabad Garden, with the tallest windcatcher in Iran, is registered in UNESCO.
-Pahlavanpour Garden in Mehriz, which is registered in UNESCO and is currently used as a hotel.
-Sadri Garden in Taft. This garden belongs to the Zandieh period.
-Naji Garden, which is one of the buildings of the Qajar period in Yazd.
-Ali Naghi Khan Garden in the city of Taft, which is one of the buildings of the Qajar period.
-Abdul Rahim Khan Garden of Yazd, which is one of the historical gardens of Yazd province
-Khan Garden with an area of 15,000 square meters is one of the buildings of the Qajar period.
-Mehriz Calligraphy Garden, 30 km from Yazd.
-Homs Bafgh Garden This building belongs to the Qajar period and is one of the most beautiful and large gardens
Yazd is the city of sweets, which are presented in exotic collections of jellies and baghlavas featuring almond, pistachio, and coconut. They can be purchased at hundreds of shops throughout the city but the best and most famous of these is Haj Khalifeh Ali Rahbar, which specializes in the following:
-Almond louz (sweet made with almond, pussy willow, and sugar).
-Baghlava (sweet made with ground almond, flour, sugar, pistachio, and cardamom).
-Coconut louz (sweet made with coconut powder, sugar, and rose water).
-Cooki koloocheh (biscuit made from rice flour, sugar, flour, egg, and rose water).
-Ghottab (sweet made with almond kernels, sugar, flour, and cardamom).
-Hajji badam (sweet made with almond, egg, sugar, cardamom, walnut, and pea flour).
-Pashmak (local version of fairy floss or cotton candy).
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