Rab e Rashidi or the Mongol Campus
The remaining ruins of two Ilkhanid areas in Tabriz city, show the power, culture, and admirable architecture of Iranian ministers during the reign of the Mongols and Ilkhanate. Two satellite towns were built on both sides of Tabriz city based on a logical urban planning idea during the time of Ghazan Khan (Mughal Ilkhans). Shanb Ghazan Khan in the west and Rab’e Rashidi in the east were two cities built in Tabriz. Today, due to various physical and historical reasons, there are no remains of the Shanb Ghazan Khan in the west of Tabriz, and only a few remains of Ruba Rashidi.
Rab’e Rashidi or Rashidiyya was an architectural complex or a cultural and academic center, at the foot of Mt. Sorkhāb northeast of Tabriz. Today, only a small amount of ruined castle walls and ramparts remain from this huge cultural-scientific city. However, according to historical evidence, these remaining ruins were one of the largest and most important scientific complexes (Doctors and scientists) in the 14th century(during the period ruled by Öljeitü the Mongol).
This city was not only a scientific cultural complex but also had other urban characteristics. It included caravanserais, shops, baths, warehouses, mills, factories, and thirty thousand houses. The whole complex was surrounded by a wall that Ghazan Khan had started building to enclose the entire city of Tabriz and later by a wall that closed off its suburbs. This building is named after its patron and founder, Rashid al-Din Fazullah Abul Khairka, who was not only the minister of Ghazan but also a writer, historian, and author of "Jami al-Tawarikh". For a quarter of a century, Rashid al-Din was a minister in the government of three Il-Khanids (Ghazan Khan, Oljaito, and Abu Saeed Bahdor Khan).
As a minister, he was able to take very important actions in Iran.
If we take culture as the software aspect and civilization as the material aspect of a nation's thought, we can consider Rabe' Rashidi as a combination of both soft and hard aspects of Iranian thought, which has fostered Iranian culture and civilization in a very particular era way.