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Esfahan: Atigh Great Mosque
The fact is that the Atigh Great Mosque, the oldest mosque in Isfahan, is certainly well-known as one of the Particular historical monuments for either the Islamic history or beginning of civilization. However, it almost backdates to 1300 years ago (reigning time of Abbasian caliphs), and it can be noticed as a sensible and spiritual structure in many aspects that include the architectural, artistic, scientific and influential efforts in religious cultural, political and social fluctuations due to the different eras.

Atigh Great Mosque, the oldest mosque in Isfahan

Nevertheless, Isfahan was somehow in the heart of Iran and has been well-known as an affective town on both of culture and civilization of Muslims and moreover, it consists of several mosques since the early Islamic centuries. The Atigh Great Mosque has absolutely been the main religious center in this city and there is no such a compact place elsewhere. Some of the experts' interpretations such as Abou Naims sayings proceeding the considerable effects which have been conceived on the construction of this monument, As a matter of fact, this such an ancient memorial contains many specific features, especially its variety and delicacy that are even pointed out as other unprecedented specifications of Isfahan. It shows, however, its significant role in all the history. culture and civilization of both Iran and Islam. Not only the various architectural styles of safe parts are exclusive but, also the art of utilizing all kinds of calligraphies including the Kuffic.Sols.Naskh and Nasteh Alig used in either Persian or Arabic languages, In fact, the reason of having many portals around the mosque demonstrating the accessibility of all other locations of the town and interestingly, the oldest entrance of its, is just in the northeast of the mosque heralding of a catastrophic ordeal (spreading a huge conflagration by Hassan Sabah's followers or Ismailians). Despite the fact that the minor transformations of the Great Mosque were designed from the Arabic style and furthermore, it was formed during the reigns of Abou Doulpheh Ajali and Dailamit whereas the plan of the mosque was completely changed by the Seljuk reign all over and they adjoined two of the outstanding masterpieces to the mosque (southern and northern dome of chambers) and finally, transformed the view of the courtyard via adding four verandas at four sides of the courtyard. Therefore the frequent constructions have been progressed on due to the numerous historical dynasties like the Ilkhanid, Mozafarid, Taymorid, Tourkamananz Safavid and Qajar reigns and they factually built the stunning parts such as the Oljayto mehrab and the baiytoul shettah hypostyle.

Atigh Great Mosque is certainly well-known as one of the Particular historical monuments for either the Islamic history or beginning of civilization

The fact is that so many prominent scientists and erudite theologians have lived in Isfahan whose educational places were generally inside the Atigh Great Mosque like Davood Ebneh Solaiymon Taheri, Hamze Isfahani, Saheb Ebn Abbad and whoever. The author of the book 'the landmarks of Isfahan' mentions the glorious presence of approximately two hundred of popular scientists and researchers in all sorts of religious sciences and studies in the Atigh Great Mosque. The Saheb porch, southern constructed annex, can make us look back to the time that Saheb Ebn Abbad (one of the Ale- Booyehs'expert ministers) indoctrinating his disciples inside the present veranda.
The scientific debates, however, bespeak about the noticeable cultural progression the case of the religious sciences and issues in various fields and at the time of seljuk's reign, khojandian whose scientific and spiritual capabilities have been resourced. Thus, founding the Nezamie (the college of the ancient times) by the order of Khajeh Nezamol Moulk, the minister of Malek Shah Seljuk ,had the approximate vicinity to the resent Great Mosque in those days and more important than that, the Khajeh Nezam dome of chamber was likewise dedicated for some of the official educational conventions.

it almost backdates to 1300 years ago

Another worthwhile inheritance of the Atigh Great Mosque, anyway, was its only par excellence religious library in which consisted of all sorts of the scientific books, headlines and even the extra lists of the more important sources had carefully been compiled in other books. However, the catastrophic arson in the Great Mosque had left an unmitigated calamity, just like a rapid break out of the blaze over prairie and that's why historians like Ebneh Assir assumed that as a complete disaster.
With the exception of all the cultural and spiritual incidents and their efforts, the Atigh Great Mosque of Isfahan was moreover an eye witness of the religious-political conflicts and animosities for a long time. According to Moghadasie's point of view, he clearly mentioned some of the bloodcurdling and vendettas of the 11th-century reign leaving a death toll of 5000 people such as the clashes between the Seljukian rulers and Smailians(followers of Hassan Sabbah) like burning down the library of the Great Mosque and all of its sources. The point is that the evidences confirm the Atigh Great Mosque has been one of the cornerstone places for the moral purposes and gathering the different societies and also proposing the significant matters of both religious and cultural problems since the disintegration of Seljuk's monarchy up to the start of the Safavid's ruling power and remaining the Mozafarid's maintained construction(Mozafarid's madrasa).
The emergence of the Safavid dynasty, however, influenced in the promotion of the Great Mosque more than before, especially by transcending Shiat religion in Iran itself. Because of being a vital headquarter, It was certainly a widespread center of all religious, scientific and social issues in Isfahan. There were many especial zones of immigrant clergymen of Jabal Amel and Majlesy families close to the Atigh Great Mosque and besides having the divine aspects, the Great Mosque had also been accounted as an institute of doctrine, authorship, and research. Publishing such a dignified compilation like Bahar Al Anvar, was some to the extent relevant to this major which was assumed as an encyclopedia of the Islamic sciences.

The most beautiful mosque in Isfahan

In fact, the Atigh Great Mosque Of Isfahan is quasi-well-known as a precious onyx during the tumultuous history of the civilization and culture of the Islamic of the Republic of Iran. Although it had been assaulted by both Ghermetians and Ghazhas sects during the history and it had likewise been damaged by the Iraqi's attacks it's still seen as an empowered gigantic fort and such a perpetual epitome of spirituality, architecture art, sanctuary, upbringing, and pedagogy.