Iranian Culture and Civilization, an Everlasting Attraction
understanding behaviorism and the morals of nations are concerned with getting familiar and studying characteristics of the collective morals of nations, folks, and people. One can recognize the moral of each nation from collective behaviors that its people express from themselves. Moral refers to relatively similar behaviors to that of most people in a nation and it is recognized as a prominent attribute of that nation.
Examples include Japanese precision, German discipline, French intelligence, and adaptability and artistry of Iranian. Living in different climate types like the sea, forest, desert, mountains, etc. has different effects on the human spirit. It is claimed that people who live in the desert have a mystical spirit and who live in mountains are more violent than all of these are originated in various natural elements.
Iranian culture, civilization, and behaviors affected by the geographical features and conditions of this land and it has affected many generations. Discoveries from Burnt City in Zabul, Gian Hills of Nahavand, Talesh, Jiroft, etc. represent the history of Iranian urban culture and civilization for thousands of years B.C. Medians, Parthians, Persians, etc. were folks who migrated to this land and concurred with its native nations and folks and founded Median. Achaemenid, Parthian (Arsacid), and Sassanid Dynasties (from 715 BC to 651 Ad). After Arabs envision this land and the arrival of Islam in the 7th AD gates of this land were opened to Arab, Turk, and Mongol tribes, therefore, lots of tribes and cultural blending happened in this piece of land.
|Iranian New Year Ceremony at the White House|
Many of these immigrants lost their indigenous moods, morals, and ethics and they all adapted Iranian morals and culture: Qajar tribe, for example, came to Iran by Mongolevasion (1221 AD) but they became completely Iranian. Thus, Iranians have rooted in different ethnicities, and importantly Iranian culture, civilization, and behavior is a common point among all of these ethnics and people who live in this land are all known as Iranian.
Iran, in Eyes of Others What we already said about Iranian morals, were quoted from travelogues and travelers who had been visiting Iran many years ago. Of course, positive and negative comments and judgments of tourists must be measured in the context of social and political conditions of its specific time. Travelers who visited this land during its flourishing civilization and knowledge have more positive points of view than those who have been in this land during periods of historical and cultural downturn. That is why some cities were more attractive in the eyes of tourists than other destinations.
Hueen Tsiyang, a Chinese traveler, describes Iranian art and culture in this country, artists know how to weave silk fabrics, woolen fabrics, colorful carpets, etc. They have famous horses and camels. In general, they spend their time in creating artworks". One of the admirable attributes of original Iranians is their sincere interest in their homeland, Iran, and its history. Grant Watson, an English globe-trotter, writes: the country of Iran is admired by every and each Iranian. Tomy opinion, if most Iranian are sentenced to exile from Iran and they are warned to death in case of entering the country, they come back again to their homeland". Ann Lambton, an English lady know Persian language, Iranologist, and expert in Iran history said: "among ancient society, Iranian people are among those few nations that despite reaching new social progress, their field of thought have not yet cut off from their ancestors". She also said that family relations and family life are prominent attributes of Iranian. Herodotus, a Greek historian who lived in the 5th century BC, wrote that the basis of education in the Achaemenid era (550-330BC) is "truthfulness":" in Iran educating children is upon three bases: horse riding, archery, and truthfulness". Williams Jackson, an American traveler, and Iranologist said: "Iranian are social and they are very polite full in their social intercourses. In ceremonies, they talk warmly and softly".
The Persian language is one of the main elements of Iranian identity, and it is spoken in every corner of the country, according to numerous poets and scholars of this language in Fars, Khorasan, and central provinces, the Persian language has a special place in these provinces. Iran is the birthplace of the world's famous poets and intellectuals, such as Ferdowsi in epic. Hafez in sonnets, Rumi in theosophy, and Saadi in morality. According to Eliarius, the first secretary of the German embassy in Iran in the seventeenth century, poetry is so important to Iranians that it can be said that no other nation can come to this end. Politeness is very beautifully observed by Iranians that this manner makes life enjoyable in this country. Ibn Batūtah (1309-1369 AD) wrote about Isfahanians: "Isfahanians are generous, their rivalry in hospitality is the very source of strange stories Although cultural and behavioral characteristics of Iranian have many similarities, by regarding historical, social, economical and geographical factors there is a cultural and behavioral diversity among its people that such subcultures in their turn can be considered as a tourist attraction in this land.