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The Geographical situation of Iran

The Geographical situation of Iran
Iran is located southwest of the Asian Continent. From the north the country borders with the Caucasus and Caspian Sea (Mazandaran Sea) and Central Asia. From the east it borders with Afghanistan and Pakistan. from the south with the Persian Gulf and Sea of Oman and from the west it is bounded by Iraq and Turkey. Present Iran is part of a bigger mountainous plateau that incorporated several seas, lakes, and plains including the Caspian Sea at the north,...

Pahlavi Dynasty

Pahlavi Dynasty (1925-1979)
The Pahlavi dynasty was established in Iran after the dissolution of the Qajar dynasty in 1925 and continued until 1979 (for a period of 53 years). The Pahlavi regime was dissolved with the beginning of the Islamic revolution in 1979. Two kings, namely Reza Khan and his son Mohammad Reza, ruled the country during this period. By establishing a constitutional parliament, Reza Shah officially declared himself king.

Qajar Dynasty

Qajar Dynasty (1789 - 1925)
The founders of the Qajar dynasty were members of a Turkmen tribe, known as Qajars, who had been brought to Iran from Central Asia during the Mongol invasion. Upon the arrival of this tribe, many feudal governors from different parts of the country mutually destroyed each other, either united and finally obeyed the king of the country's capital in a federal system. After this unification, the Iranians united under a single banner. Their tribal colors still survived in the Iranian banner.

Zand Dynasty

Zand Dynasty (1760-1794)
As we have already mentioned after the death of Nader, his generals began to fight and plunged the country into chaos. Finally, Karim Khan Zand, a Lor boss, defeated his rivals and, after 16 years of chaos, brought peace to the country. Karim Khan, who never qualified as king, chose his capital in Shiraz.

Afshar Dynasty

Afshar Dynasty (1736-1747)
After a brief conquest of Iran by the Afghans, the Iranian army commanded by Nader, a brave commander of Tahmasb Mirza, son of the last Safavid king, defeated the Afghans after four battles and chased them out of Iran. Meanwhile, after a series of battles with Ottoman Turkey, Nader Shah has won victories in all areas. He defeated the Turkish armies and pushed them to the Black Sea and expelled them from Armenia and Georgia.